The goal of the surgeon is to remove the entire tumor, including a thin margin of healthy tissue that is free of cancer cells. This is called obtaining a negative margin. Modern surgical techniques have greatly reduced the need for radical surgical methods, thus sparing healthy tissue. At the Beverly Hills Cancer Center, our surgeons are current on the most advanced conserving techniques for bone cancer treatment in Los Angeles. Reconstructive surgery may be needed to restore function but these advanced procedures make amputation necessary in only the most complicated cases.
Cryosurgery uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill cancer cells. This method is used in cases where surgery isn’t possible due to the location of the tumor, such as in the skull or on the spine. Some tumors are treated using curettage to remove as much of the tumor as possible followed by cryosurgery.
Some bone cancer tumors respond well to anticancer drugs, which target and kill cancer cells. Often a combination of drugs is used to boost the effectiveness of chemotherapy. Some types of bone cancer do not respond well to chemotherapy. Chondrosarcoma, which is bone cancer originating in cartilage, does not respond well to chemotherapy and is treated with a combination of radiation and surgery. This method is also used to treat ESTF tumors.
Chondrosarcoma is often treated with a combination of surgery and radiation. Most surgical treatment of tumors is followed by a course of radiation therapy to reduce the risk that the tumor will return. This therapy is also used in cases where patients do not wish to undergo surgery.