Radiation therapy can be applied externally (external beam radiation) or internally (brachytherapy) by a prostate cancer doctor. With external beam radiation, a machine uses focused energy to accurately target the cancerous tissue in the prostate. With internal radiation therapy, a radiation-emitting device is placed within the body near the prostate. In the case of prostate cancer, the “device” inserted is actually several small seeds. These are inserted with a needle. The seeds eventually stop emitting radiation and do not require removal.
Hormone therapy can be an effective treatment option to stop prostate cancer cells from producing. It has been found that cancer cells within the prostate require testosterone to grow, and there are several techniques to cut the supply of testosterone to the prostate. These can be discussed thoroughly with a prostate cancer doctor before any treatment is performed.
Surgical removal of the prostate, or radical prostatectomy, is possible using several types of surgical techniques. In this procedure, the prostate and some surrounding healthy tissue is completely removed from the body to thoroughly stop any metastasis of the cancerous tissue. As with hormone therapy, there are several surgical options and they can be discussed with the doctor to ensure the correct one is chosen.
Heating prostate tissue is sometimes used with the use of ultrasound technology. High focus ultrasound treatment applies sound waves to heat the prostate tissue, which kills cancerous cells. This is done by inserting an ultrasound probe in the rectum. This procedure is currently available only as a clinical trial in the US.
Cryosurgery, or freezing the prostate tissue to kill cancer cells, has been found to be an effective option in the treatment of prostate cancer. In this procedure, cold gas is placed in a needle and inserted into the prostate. This causes the tissue to freeze. Warm gas is then inserted to reheat the tissue. This sequence of freezing and thawing eliminates cancer cells in the prostate. This technique has become developed to eliminate previous side effects associated with it and is one of the methods we use in our endeavor to deliver the best prostate cancer treatment Los Angeles has available.
Chemotherapy applies drugs to the cancerous cells through an intravenous procedure. It may also be taken orally in the form of a pill. Chemotherapy often uses a combination of drugs that will be most effective in eliminating prostate cancer. There have been recent developments in drugs that handle metastatic, aggressive prostate cancer.
Immunotherapy is a technique developed to treat recurring prostate cancer. This uses your own immune cells to fight the cancer by engineering them to have more strength against the cancer. There have been many cases that have responded to this form of treatment, but it is still in its developmental stages.
Here are the Beverly Hills Cancer Center we have highly experienced doctors who will work with you to provide a customized plan to provide you with the best prostate cancer treatment Los Angeles has available.